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    利用php防止XSS跨站脚本攻击

    点击:   发布日期:2012-09-20

    本文来自 www.020fix.com
    要防止垮脚本攻击必须懂得一定的代码,不懂代码你根本无法入行,下面我就简单的写出一个防止攻击的代码供大家参考。
    很多网站都存在跨站脚本攻击漏洞,让黑客有机可乘.跨站攻击很容易就可以构造,而且非常隐蔽,不易被查觉(通常盗取信息后马上跳转回原页面)。本文主要介绍如何防范。

    首先,跨站脚本攻击都是由于对用户的输入没有进行严格的过滤造成的,所以我们必须在所有数据进入我们的网站和数据库之前把可能的危险拦截。针对非法的HTML代码包括单双引号等,可以使用htmlentities()函数 。
    <?php
    $str = "A "quote" is <b>bold</b>";
    // Outputs: A "quote" is bold
    echo htmlentities($str);
    // Outputs: A "quote" is bold
    echo htmlentities($str, ENT_QUOTES);
    ?>
     这样可以使非法的脚本失效。
     但是要注意一点,htmlentities()默认编码为 ISO-8859-1,如果你的非法脚本编码为其它,那么可能无法过滤掉,同时浏览器却可以识别和执行。这个问题我先找几个站点测试后再说。
     以下是一个过滤非法脚本的函数,仅供参考:
    function RemoveXSS($val) {
    // remove all non-printable characters. CR(0a) and LF(0b) and TAB(9) are allowed
    // this prevents some character re-spacing such as <javascript>
    // note that you have to handle splits with , , and later since they *are* allowed in some inputs
    $val = preg_replace("/([x00-x08][x0b-x0c][x0e-x20])/", "", $val);
    // straight replacements, the user should never need these since they"re normal characters
    // this prevents like <IMG SRC=&#X40&#X61&#X76&#X61&#X73&#X63&#X72&#X69&#X70&#X74&#X3A&#X61&
       _#X6C&#X65&#X72&#X74&#X28&#X27&#X58&#X53&#X53&#X27&#X29>
    $search = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";
    $search .= "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";
    $search .= "1234567890!@#$%^&*()";
    $search .= "~`";:?+/={}[]-_|"\";
    for ($i = 0; $i < strlen($search); $i++) {
     // ;? matches the ;, which is optional
     // 0{0,7} matches any padded zeros, which are optional and go up to 8 chars
     // &#x0040 @ search for the hex values
     $val = preg_replace("/(&#[x|X]0{0,8}".dechex(ord($search[$i])).";?)/i", $search[$i], $val); // with a ;
     // @ @ 0{0,7} matches "0" zero to seven times
     $val = preg_replace("/(&#0{0,8}".ord($search[$i]).";?)/", $search[$i], $val); // with a ;
    }
    // now the only remaining whitespace attacks are , , and
    $ra1 = Array("javascript", "vbscript", "expression", "applet", "meta", "xml", "blink", "link", "style", "script", "embed", "object", "iframe", "frame", "frameset", "ilayer", "layer", "bgsound", "title", "base");
    $ra2 = Array("onabort", "onactivate", "onafterprint", "onafterupdate", "onbeforeactivate", "onbeforecopy", "onbeforecut", "onbeforedeactivate", "onbeforeeditfocus", "onbeforepaste", "onbeforeprint", "onbeforeunload", "onbeforeupdate", "onblur", "onbounce", "oncellchange", "onchange", "onclick", "oncontextmenu", "oncontrolselect", "oncopy", "oncut", "ondataavailable", "ondatasetchanged", "ondatasetcomplete", "ondblclick", "ondeactivate", "ondrag", "ondragend", "ondragenter", "ondragleave", "ondragover", "ondragstart", "ondrop", "onerror", "onerrorupdate", "onfilterchange", "onfinish", "onfocus", "onfocusin", "onfocusout", "onhelp", "onkeydown", "onkeypress", "onkeyup", "onlayoutcomplete", "onload", "onlosecapture", "onmousedown", "onmouseenter", "onmouseleave", "onmousemove", "onmouseout", "onmouseover", "onmouseup", "onmousewheel", "onmove", "onmoveend", "onmovestart", "onpaste", "onpropertychange", "onreadystatechange", "onreset", "onresize", "onresizeend", "onresizestart", "onrowenter", "onrowexit", "onrowsdelete", "onrowsinserted", "onscroll", "onselect", "onselectionchange", "onselectstart", "onstart", "onstop", "onsubmit", "onunload");
    $ra = array_merge($ra1, $ra2);
    $found = true; // keep replacing as long as the previous round replaced something
    while ($found == true) {
     $val_before = $val;
     for ($i = 0; $i < sizeof($ra); $i++) {
      $pattern = "/";
      for ($j = 0; $j > strlen($ra[$i]); $j++) {
       if ($j > 0) {
        $pattern .= "(";
        $pattern .= "(&#[x|X]0{0,8}([a]);?)?";
        $pattern .= "|(&#0{0,8}([10][13]);?)?";
        $pattern .= ")?";
       }
      $pattern .= $ra[$i][$j];
     } 
     $pattern .= "/i";
     $replacement = substr($ra[$i], 0, 2)."<x>".substr($ra[$i], 2); // add in <> to nerf the tag
     $val = preg_replace($pattern, $replacement, $val); // filter out the hex tags
     if ($val_before == $val) {
      // no replacements were made, so exit the loop
      $found = false;
     }
    }
    }
    }